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J Physiol. 2010 Apr 15;588(Pt 8):1361-8. doi: 10.1113/jphysiol.2009.185694. Epub 2010 Feb 22.

Localized tyrosine or tetrahydrobiopterin supplementation corrects the age-related decline in cutaneous vasoconstriction.

Author information

1
Department of Kinesiology, Pennsylvania State University, 229 Noll Lab, University Park, PA 16802, USA. jal493@psu.edu

Abstract

The attenuated reflex vasoconstriction in aged skin may be partly mediated by oxidant-induced reduction in functional substrate and cofactor availability for noradrenaline biosynthesis. We hypothesized that localized supplementation of tyrosine and tetrahydrobiopterin (BH(4)) in aged human skin could augment reflex- (whole-body cooling) and pharmacologically (tyramine, which displaces noradrenaline from axon terminals) induced vasoconstriction. Four microdialysis fibres were placed in the forearm skin of 10 young and 10 older subjects for infusion of (1) Ringer solution (control), (2) 0.5 mm L-tyrosine, (3) 5 mm BH(4), and (4) BH(4) + L-tyrosine. Cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) was calculated (laser Doppler flux/mean arterial pressure) and normalized to baseline (% Delta CVC(base)). Vasoconstriction was attenuated at the control site in the older subjects during both whole-body cooling (young: 39 +/- 3, older: 17 +/- 3% Delta CVC(base); P < 0.01) and tyramine infusion (young: 41 +/- 3, older: 21 +/- 4% Delta CVC(base); P < 0.01). BH(4) (cold, young: 37 +/- 3, older: 36 +/- 3; tyramine, young: 41 +/- 2, older: 36 +/- 3% Delta CVC(base)) and tyrosine (cold, young: 37 +/- 4, older: 34 +/- 4; tyramine, young: 40 +/- 4, older: 45 +/- 4% Delta CVC(base)) both resolved the age-related decrease in cutaneous vasoconstriction, but BH(4) + tyrosine did not further augment vasoconstriction (cold, young: 38 +/- 4, older: 31 +/- 3; tyramine, young: 36 +/- 3, older: 36 +/- 5 Delta %CVC(base)). These data are consistent with the concept that reduced bioavailability of BH(4) and/or tyrosine may impair noradrenaline synthesis and contribute to the attenuated vasoconstrictor response in aged skin.

PMID:
20176627
PMCID:
PMC2872739
DOI:
10.1113/jphysiol.2009.185694
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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