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Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2010 Aug;25(8):2679-85. doi: 10.1093/ndt/gfq089. Epub 2010 Feb 22.

Fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) is independently correlated to aortic calcification in haemodialysis patients.

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Department of Nephrology, School of Medicine, Kasr El-Aini School of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.



Vascular calcification has detrimental consequences on chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, yet its pathogenesis is not fully understood. Fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) is involved in the regulation of mineral metabolism which may in turn affect vascular calcification. Data on the relationship between FGF-23 and peripheral vascular calcification, using conventional radiographs, are conflicting, and less is known about its relation to aortic calcification. We conducted this study to investigate the relationship between FGF-23 and aortic calcification in a standard haemodialysis setting.


The study included 65 haemodialysis patients (46 prevalent and 19 incident) on a three times 4-h dialysis schedule as well as 15 controls. Those with diabetes, oral anticoagulation or parathyroidectomy were excluded. Intact FGF-23, parathormone, lipids, calcium and phosphorus were measured. Aortic calcification index (ACI) was assessed by a non-contrast computerized tomography (CT) of the abdominal aorta.


FGF-23 levels were higher among haemodialysis patients (4681.3 +/- 3906.1 pg/mL) compared to controls (98.2 +/- 51.9 pg/mL), P = 0.005. ACI was higher in haemodialysis patients (14.1 +/- 12) than controls (3.2 +/- 3.6), P = 0.009. FGF-23 (P < 0.0001) and systolic blood pressure (BP) (P < 0.0001) were independently related to ACI in stepwise multiple regression analysis of pooled analysis of haemodialysis patients, R(2) = 0.476; in subgroup analysis, the independent factors relating to ACI among prevalent dialysis patients were systolic BP (P < 0.0001), FGF-23 (P = 0.002) and age (P = 0.012), R(2)=0.48; whereas in incident patients, only FGF-23 was associated with ACI (P = 0.007), R(2) = 0.37.


In haemodialysis patients, FGF-23 and ACI were significantly increased, and FGF-23 was independently associated with aortic calcification.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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