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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2010 Jun;1801(6):635-45. doi: 10.1016/j.bbalip.2010.02.008. Epub 2010 Feb 20.

Incorporation and remodeling of phosphatidylethanolamine containing short acyl residues in yeast.

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Department of Biotechnology, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan.


Phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) is one of the essential phospholipids in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We have previously shown that a yeast strain, the endogenous PE synthesis of which was controllable, grew in the presence of PE containing decanoyl residues (diC10PE) when PE synthesis was repressed. In this study, we investigated the fate of diC10PE, its uptake and remodeling in yeast. Deletion of the genes encoding Lem3p/Ros3p or P-type ATPases, Dnf1p and Dnf2p, impaired the growth of the mutants in the medium containing diC10PE, suggesting the involvement of these proteins in the uptake of diC10PE. Analysis of the metabolism of deuterium-labeled diC10PE by electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry revealed that it was rapidly converted to deuterium-labeled PEs containing C16 or C18 acyl residues. The probable intermediate PEs that contained decanoic acid and C16 or C18 fatty acids as acyl residues were also detected. In addition, a substantial amount of decanoic acid was released into the culture medium during growth in the presence of diC10PE. These results imply that diC10PE was remodeled to PEs with longer acyl residues and used as membrane components. Defects in the remodeling of diC10PE in the deletion mutants of ALE1 and SLC1, products of which were capable of acyl-transfer to the sn-2 position of lyso-phospholipids, suggested their involvement in the introduction of acyl residues to the sn-2 position of lyso-phosphatidylethanolamine in the remodeling reaction of diC10PE. Our results also suggest the presence of a mechanism to maintain the physiological length of PE acyl residues in yeast.

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