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Rehabil Psychol. 2010 Feb;55(1):40-7. doi: 10.1037/a0018624.

Positive psychological variables in the prediction of life satisfaction after spinal cord injury.

Author information

1
Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 North Wolfe Street, Phipps 174, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA. kbechto1@jhmi.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine relationships between select positive psychological variables and life satisfaction in persons with spinal cord injury during acute rehabilitation and 3 months after discharge.

DESIGN:

Prospective observational design; correlational and regression analyses. Eighty-seven adults who were participating in in-patient, acute rehabilitation for spinal cord injury in two metropolitan hospitals completed the following measures: Benefit finding Scale, Hope Scale, Brief Symptom Inventory, COPE, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, and Satisfaction with Life Scale.

RESULTS:

Hypothesized relationships of hope and positive affect (facilitator variables) with greater life satisfaction during the initial acute rehabilitation period were supported. Facilitators, as measured at baseline, accounted for a significant amount of variance in life satisfaction above and beyond barrier variables (depression, negative affect, and avoidant coping) both during the acute rehabilitation phase (R(2) change = .20, p < .0001) and at 3 months after discharge (R(2) change = .09, p < .029).

CONCLUSIONS:

Findings suggest that positive psychological variables play a significant role in postrehabilitation subjective well-being for persons with spinal cord injury and may provide potential avenues for interventions to facilitate positive outcomes.

PMID:
20175633
DOI:
10.1037/a0018624
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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