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Opt Express. 2010 Feb 1;18(3):2952-66. doi: 10.1364/OE.18.002952.

Giant Kerr nonlinearity and weak-light superluminal optical solitons in a four-state atomic system with gain doublet.

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  • 1State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, Department of Physics, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China.


We consider an active-Raman-gain scheme for realizing giant Kerr nonlinearity and superluminal optical solitons in a four-state atomic system with a gain doublet. We show that this scheme, which is fundamentally different from those based on electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT), is capable of working at room temperature and eliminating nearly all attenuation and distortion.We demonstrate that, due to the appearance of a gain spectrum hole induced by the quantum interference effect induced by a signal field, a significant enhancement of Kerr nonlinearity of probe field can be realized effectively, which can be more than ten times larger than that arrived by the EIT-based scheme with the same energy-level configuration. Based on these important features, we obtain a giant cross-phase modulation effect and hence a stable long-distance propagation of optical solitons, which have superluminal propagating velocity and very low generating power.

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