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Opt Express. 2010 Feb 1;18(3):2872-83. doi: 10.1364/OE.18.002872.

Design and performance of reflective terahertz air-biased-coherent-detection for time-domain spectroscopy.

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Center for Terahertz Research, Rensselaer polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180-3590, USA.


When a sample being tested is optically opaque or has a high absorption coefficient, a reflective measurement is often more suitable than a transmission measurement. We report the design and evaluation of a reflective terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (R-THz-TDS), using air as THz wave emitter and sensor, together with air-biased-coherent-detection (ABCD) method for the first time. With an 85 fs pulse amplified laser, we demonstrate a usable bandwidth from 0.5 THz to 12 THz, together with a peak dynamic range (DR) better than 2000:1 and a peak THz electrical field greater than 30 kV/cm. With a 32 fs pulse amplified laser, the usable bandwidth is remarkably expanded to a continuous 35 THz. Several far-infrared optical properties in various samples are reported. Furthermore, the time-resolved optical pump-THz probe experiment is performed. Finally, the uniqueness and advantage of this spectrometer are comprehensively compared with traditional THz-TDS and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy.

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