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Nephron. 1991;57(3):283-7.

Acute-phase proteins during hemodialysis: correlations with serum interleukin-1 beta levels and different dialysis membranes.

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1
Fourth Department of Medicine, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland.

Abstract

The effects of hemodialysis (HD) on the levels of serum amyloid A (SAA), C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) were studied in 8 patients. Bicarbonate dialysate was used exclusively, and three different membranes, Cuprophan (CU), cellulose acetate (CA), and polymethylmetachrylate (PMMA) were compared. The SAA levels increased significantly with each membrane. With CU, they rose from 4.0 +/- 2.0 (mg/l, mean +/- SEM) to 9.6 +/- 2.8 at 60 min and to 15.0 +/- 4.9 at 240 min. The values with CA were 3.8 +/- 2.1, 15.3 +/- 5.6, and 23.8 +/- 3.9; and with PMMA 2.4 +/- 1.3, 12.1 +/- 5.6, and 12.1 +/- 5.9, respectively. The alterations of SAA neither correlated with the weight loss nor the increase of serum albumin during dialysis. The CRP values showed insignificant changes. The IL-1 beta levels rose with CU from 87 +/-18 (ng/l) to 155 +/- 33 at 60 min and to 172 +/- 47 at 240 min. With CA, the values were 67 +/- 14, 198 +/- 46, and 121 +/- 23, and with PMMA 63 +/- 13, 246 +/- 93, and 211 +/- 86, respectively. These results did not correlate with the effects of the membranes on complement activation. It is concluded that the release of cytokines during HD apparently leads to a rapid synthesis of acute-phase proteins as a sign of inflammation. Thus, SAA may be used as one indicator of the biocompatibility of HD treatment.

PMID:
2017267
DOI:
10.1159/000186276
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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