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J Dairy Sci. 2010 Mar;93(3):1050-8. doi: 10.3168/jds.2009-2675.

Application of one injection of prostaglandin F(2alpha) in the five-day Co-Synch+CIDR protocol for estrous synchronization and resynchronization of dairy heifers.

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College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville 32610-0136, USA.


The objective was to determine if the 5-d Co-Synch+CIDR (controlled internal drug releasing insert) protocol can be used in dairy heifers for a synchronized timed artificial insemination (TAI) with one injection of PGF(2alpha) for first and second services. In experiment 1, heifers were assigned randomly to receive 1 (n=295) or 2 (n=298) injections of PGF(2alpha) in the 5-d Co-Synch+CIDR protocol. Corpus luteum (CL) regression was measured in one replicate (n=218). No difference in pregnancy per TAI (P/TAI; 46.1 and 48.6%) or CL regression (86.9 and 92.8%) was detected for 1 versus 2 injections of PGF(2alpha), respectively. In experiment 2, nonpregnant heifers (n=86) were assigned to a resynchronized 5-d Co-Synch+CIDR with 1 PGF(2alpha)/TAI or insemination at detected estrus. There was no difference in P/TAI (52.2 and 55%) between groups. In experiment 3, nonpregnant heifers (n=110) were assigned randomly to receive a CIDR (n=54) or no CIDR insert (n=56) in the 5-d Co-Synch protocol for resynchronization of TAI. Pregnancy per TAI was lower without the CIDR device (39.3 vs. 51.8%). In a commercial field evaluation, 416 heifers were synchronized for the first and resynchronized TAI with the 5-d Co-Synch+CIDR protocol with 1 injection of PGF(2alpha). Pregnancy per TAI on d 60 was 58.2 and 47.5% for first and second TAI, respectively; there was a sire effect to the second TAI. In conclusion, the 5-d Co-Synch+CIDR protocol with 1 injection of PGF(2alpha) is an effective reproductive management program for first and second TAI in dairy heifers.

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