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Metab Eng. 2010 Jul;12(4):387-91. doi: 10.1016/j.ymben.2010.02.002. Epub 2010 Feb 19.

Chlamydomonas starchless mutant defective in ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase hyper-accumulates triacylglycerol.

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Laboratory for Algae Research and Biotechnology (LARB), Arizona State University Polytechnic campus, Mesa, AZ 85212, USA.


Many microalgae and plants have the ability to synthesize large amounts of triacylglycerol (TAG) that can be used to produce biofuels. Presently, TAG-based biofuel production is limited by the feedstock supply. Metabolic engineering of lipid synthesis pathways to overproduce TAGs in oleaginous microalgae and oil crop plants has achieved only modest success. We demonstrate that inactivation of ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase in a Chlamydomonas starchless mutant led to a 10-fold increase in TAG, suggesting that shunting of photosynthetic carbon partitioning from starch to TAG synthesis may represent a more effective strategy than direct manipulation of the lipid synthesis pathway to overproduce TAG.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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