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Acad Radiol. 2010 May;17(5):558-63. doi: 10.1016/j.acra.2009.12.006. Epub 2010 Feb 20.

Significant differentiation of focal breast lesions: calculation of strain ratio in breast sonoelastography.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany. anke.thomas@charite.de

Abstract

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES:

Initial data suggest that elastography can improve the specificity of ultrasound in differentiating benign and malignant breast lesions. The aim of this study was to compare elastography and B-mode ultrasound to determine whether the calculation of strain ratios (SRs) can further improve the differentiation of focal breast lesions.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A total of 227 women with histologically proven focal breast lesions (113 benign, 114 malignant) were included at two German breast centers. The women underwent a standardized ultrasound procedure using a high-end ultrasound system with a 9-MHz broadband linear transducer. B-mode scans and sonoelastograms were analyzed by two experienced readers using the Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System criteria. SRs were calculated from a tumor-adjusted region of interest (mean color pixel density) and a comparable region of interest placed in the lateral fatty tissue. Sensitivity, specificity, and cutoff values were calculated for SRs (receiver-operating characteristic analysis).

RESULTS:

The women had a mean age of 54 years (range, 19-87 years). The mean lesion diameter was 1.6 +/- 0.9 cm. Sensitivity and specificity were 96% and 56% for B-mode scanning, 81% and 89% for elastography, and 90% and 89% for SRs. An SR cutoff value of 2.45 (area under the curve, 0.949) allowed significant differentiation (P < .001) of malignant (mean, 5.1 +/- 4.2) and benign (mean, 1.6 +/- 1.0) lesions. The quantitative method of SR calculation was superior to subjective interpretation of sonoelastograms and B-mode scans, with a positive predictive value of 89% compared to 68% and 84% for the other two methods.

CONCLUSIONS:

Calculation of SRs contributes to the standardization of sonoelastography with high sensitivity and allows significant differentiation of benign and malignant breast lesions with higher specificity compared to B-mode ultrasound but not elastography.

PMID:
20171905
DOI:
10.1016/j.acra.2009.12.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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