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Curr Opin Microbiol. 2010 Jun;13(3):274-82. doi: 10.1016/j.mib.2010.01.010. Epub 2010 Feb 17.

Protein engineering of microbial enzymes.

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  • 1Institute of Biochemistry, Department of Biotechnology and Enzyme Catalysis, University of Greifswald, Felix-Hausdorff-Str. 4, 17487 Greifswald, Germany.


Protein engineering has emerged as an important tool to overcome the limitations of natural enzymes as biocatalysts. Recent advances have mainly focused on applying directed evolution to enzymes, especially important for organic synthesis, such as monooxygenases, ketoreductases, lipases or aldolases in order to improve their activity, enantioselectivity, and stability. The combination of directed evolution and rational protein design using computational tools is becoming increasingly important in order to explore enzyme sequence-space and to create improved or novel enzymes. These developments should allow to further expand the application of microbial enzymes in industry.

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