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Rev Med Interne. 2010 Apr;31(4):262-7. doi: 10.1016/j.revmed.2009.12.003. Epub 2010 Feb 18.

[Gastrointestinal sarcoidosis].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Service de gastro-entérologie B, hôpital La Rabta, 1007 Tunis Jebbari, Tunisie.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous disorder of unknown cause, characterised by noncaseating granulomas affecting multiple organs. Gastrointestinal tract involvement in sarcoidosis is rare. The stomach, particularly the antrum is the most common extra-hepatic organ to be involved. We report four cases of gastro-intestinal sarcoidosis.

METHODS:

Retrospective study of a series of four cases.

RESULTS:

All patients had gastric sarcoidosis. It involved the duodenum, ileum and gall bladder in a patient with a history of an acute pancreatitis probably due to sarcoidosis. This patient presented with obstructive intestinal manifestations, weight loss and exsudative enteropathy. Two patients presented with mild abdominal pain and the last patient was admitted for upper gastrointestinal bleeding. The endoscopy was normal in one case and showed an antral congestion in another case. Gastric ulcers were found in the patient with a history of upper gastro-intestinal bleeding. A pseudo-linitic aspect was noticed in the patient with obstructive manifestations. The duodenum and the ileum were normal. This patient had an antrectomy and was treated with corticosteroids. Surgery evidenced a perforated duodenal ulcer, which was obstructed by the gall bladder. The patient with gastrointestinal bleeding received proton pump inhibitor and corticosteroids. These two patients improved gradually. The two other patients recovered spontaneously.

CONCLUSION:

The stomach is the most commonly affected organ in gastrointestinal sarcoidosis. Gastric sarcoidosis can mimic a malignant lesion owing to narrowing of the gastric lumen or can be revealed by upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Duodenum, small bowel and colon involvement is uncommon but may be underestimated in the absence of systematic biopsies.

PMID:
20170990
DOI:
10.1016/j.revmed.2009.12.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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