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J Environ Public Health. 2009;2009:727516. doi: 10.1155/2009/727516. Epub 2010 Feb 3.

Sources of indoor air pollution and respiratory health in preschool children.

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Department of Health and Environment, Centre for Public Health Research (CSISP), 46020 Valencia, Spain.


We carried out bibliographic searches in PubMed and for the period from 1996 to 2008 with the aim of reviewing the scientific literature on the relationship between various sources of indoor air pollution and the respiratory health of children under the age of five. Those studies that included adjusted correlation measurements for the most important confounding variables and which had an adequate population size were considered to be more relevant. The results concerning the relationship between gas energy sources and children's respiratory health were heterogeneous. Indoor air pollution from biomass combustion in the poorest countries was found to be an important risk factor for lower respiratory tract infections. Solvents involved in redecorating, DYI work, painting, and so forth, were found to be related to an increased risk for general respiratory problems. The distribution of papers depending on the pollution source showed a clear relationship with life-style and the level of development.

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