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Appl Opt. 1977 Sep 1;16(9):2408-13. doi: 10.1364/AO.16.002408.

Scintillation statistics caused by atmospheric turbulence and speckle in satellite laser ranging.


We study the statistics of scintillation at the ground-based receiver for the earth-space-earth retroreflector configuration of satellite laser ranging. These statistics are governed by the joint effects of atmospheric turbulence and speckle produced by the retroreflector array. An expression for the probability density function of scintillation is obtained and evaluated numerically. Comparison of the normalized variance of scintillation calculated by using this function shows good agreement with results obtained by other methods.


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