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Obesity (Silver Spring). 2010 Oct;18(10):1938-43. doi: 10.1038/oby.2010.27. Epub 2010 Feb 18.

Maladaptive eating patterns, quality of life, and weight outcomes following gastric bypass: results of an Internet survey.

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Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology, Yeshiva University, Bronx, New York, USA.


Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for severe obesity. However, evidence suggests that maladaptive eating behaviors such as binge eating, grazing, and a loss of control when eating may impact postsurgical weight outcomes. The current study sought to characterize the weight outcomes, eating patterns, and perceived health-related quality of life of individuals 3-10 years following gastric bypass (GBP) surgery and to assess the relationships between eating behaviors, weight outcomes, and quality of life. Eligible participants (N = 497) completed an Internet survey of their eating behaviors, health-related quality of life, and weight history. Participants self-reported a mean maximum postsurgical loss of 81% of their excess weight and maintained a mean weight loss of 70% 3-10 years following surgery (mean 4.2 years). Eighty-seven percent reported weight regain ranging from 1 to 124 lb (mean 22.6 lb). Frequency of binge eating, a loss of control when eating, and grazing were all significantly correlated with greater weight regain (binge eating r = 0.24, P = 0.006; loss of control r = 0.36, P < 0.01; grazing r = 0.39, P < 0.001) and lesser excess weight loss (EWL) (binge eating r = -0.21, P = 0.013; loss of control r = -0.41, P < 0.001; grazing r = -0.27, P < 0.001). Poorer health-related quality of life was associated with binge eating disorder (BED) (t[463] = 9.7, P < 0.001) and grazing two or more times per week (t[361] = 9.0, P < 0.001). These findings suggest that eating disturbances and a loss of control when eating are significant following GBP and are risk factors for diminished weight outcomes.

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