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J Antimicrob Chemother. 2010 May;65(5):942-5. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkq040. Epub 2010 Feb 18.

Susceptibility of carbapenemase-producing strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli to the direct antibacterial activity of NAB739 and to the synergistic activity of NAB7061 with rifampicin and clarithromycin.

Author information

1
Northern Antibiotics Ltd, FI-00720 Helsinki, Finland. martti.vaara@northernantibiotics.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To determine the susceptibility of carbapenemase-producing strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli to the direct antibacterial activity of NAB739 and to the synergistic activity of NAB7061 with rifampicin and clarithromycin. NAB739 and NAB7061 are novel polymyxin derivatives that lack the cationic charges in the linear peptide portion of polymyxin B and have pharmacokinetic properties different from those of polymyxin B.

METHODS:

MIC determinations were performed by the agar dilution method using CLSI guidelines. Polymyxin B was used as a comparison. Synergism studies measured fractional inhibitory concentration indices (FICIs) by using increasing concentrations of the compounds in Mueller-Hinton agar and Etests.

RESULTS:

The MICs of NAB739 for all nine polymyxin-susceptible, carbapenemase-producing strains were identical or very close to those determined for E. coli ATCC 25922, for K. pneumoniae ATCC 13883, as well as for 18 clinical carbapenem-susceptible isolates. At a concentration of 4 mg/L, NAB7061 decreased the MIC of rifampicin and clarithromycin for all carbapenemase strains by factors ranging from 6 to 500. The polymyxin-resistant strain K. pneumoniae CL5762B was sensitized by a factor of 24 to rifampicin (FICI, 0.167) and by a factor of 12 to clarithromycin (FICI, 0.208).

CONCLUSIONS:

Polymyxin-susceptible, carbapenemase-producing strains are as susceptible to NAB739 as are the carbapenem-susceptible clinical isolates. In addition, NAB7061 has notable synergism with rifampicin and clarithromycin against all the carbapenemase-producing strains tested, including the polymyxin-resistant K. pneumoniae strain.

PMID:
20167589
DOI:
10.1093/jac/dkq040
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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