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Addict Behav. 2010 Jun;35(6):632-5. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2010.01.012. Epub 2010 Feb 4.

Smoking outcome expectancies: A multiple indicator and multiple cause (MIMIC) model.

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Eötvös Loránd University, Department of Personality and Health Psychology Budapest, H-1064, Hungary.


The present study was carried out to assess the construct validity of the short form of the Smoking Consequences Questionnaire, a brief measure of smoking outcome expectancies on a large sample of adolescents (N = 953). The results of this study support a four-factor structure of smoking outcome expectancies, including expectancies of negative consequences, positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement and appetite-weight control, as well as the assertion that gender, smoking status and sensation-seeking have a distinct pattern of associations with the four outcome expectancy factors.

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