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Acta Biomater. 2010 Sep;6(9):3362-78. doi: 10.1016/j.actbio.2010.02.017. Epub 2010 Feb 16.

Amorphous calcium phosphates: synthesis, properties and uses in biomaterials.

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Université de Toulouse, CIRIMAT, UPS-INPT-CNRS, ENSIACET, 4 Allée Emile Monso, BP 44362, 31432 Toulouse Cedex 4, France.


This review paper on amorphous calcium phosphates (ACPs) provides an update on several aspects of these compounds which have led to many studies and some controversy since the 1970s, particularly because of the lack of irrefutable proof of the occurrence of an ACP phase in mineralised tissues of vertebrates. The various synthesis routes of ACPs with different compositions are reported and the techniques used to characterise this phase are reviewed. We focus on the various physico-chemical properties of ACPs, especially the reactivity in aqueous media, which have been exploited to prepare bioactive bone substitutes, particularly in the form of coatings and cements for orthopaedic applications and composites for dental applications.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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