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Tissue Eng Part B Rev. 2010 Aug;16(4):405-12. doi: 10.1089/ten.TEB.2009.0714.

Mesenchymal stem cells, osteoblasts and extracellular matrix proteins: enhancing cell adhesion and differentiation for bone tissue engineering.

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Institute of Science and Technology in Medicine, Guy Hilton Research Centre, University of Keele, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, United Kingdom.


Cell adhesion to scaffolds has remained one of the challenges in tissue engineering. Although protein surface modification has been proven to enhance cell adhesion and retention, its specificity depending on cell and biomaterial types means that the best protein and concentration must be established for each specific application. This review focuses on the improvement of cell adhesion for human mesenchymal stem cells with an osteogenesis approach. A brief outline of the cell adhesion process and extracellular matrix proteins precedes an overview of works focused on the adhesion of mesenchymal stem cells and osteoblasts to biomaterials and this effect in their differentiation into osteoblasts.

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