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J Biol Chem. 1978 Jan 25;253(2):390-4.

Phosphodiesterase activator from rat kidney cortex.


Incubation of homogenates of rat renal cortex at 4 degrees resulted in increased cAMP phosphodiesterase activity; the increase was much more rapid in hypotonic medium than in one of physiological tonicity. cAMP phosphodiesterase activity did not increase with incubation of supernatant fractions (48,000 x g, 20 min) prepared from isotonic homogenates. Extraction of the isotonic particulate fraction with hypotonic buffer released an activator which increased cAMP phosphodiesterase activity of the supernatant fraction. The kidney phosphodiesterase activator differed from a heat-stable, calcium-dependent protein activator of phosphodiesterase in that it was destroyed by heating (90 degrees for 10 min) and was not inhibited by EGTA. The phosphodiesterases of rat renal cortex were partially resolved by chromatography on DEAE-Bio-Gel, and a cAMP phosphodiesterase that is sensitive to the kidney activator was identified. This phosphodiesterase was separable from that affected by a calcium-dependent phosphodiesterase activator from bovine brain and from cGMP-stimulated cAMP phosphodiesterase. As determined by sucrose density gradient centrifugation, after incubation with the kidney activator, the activated form of phosphodiesterase had a lower sedimentation velocity than did the unactivated form.

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