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Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 2009 Aug;29(4):222-5.

Multiple mucosal involvement in cicatricial pemphigoid.

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Department of Otorhinolaryngology, S. Raffaele Hospital, Vita-Salute University, Via Olgettina 60, Milan, Italy.


Mucous membrane pemphigoid includes chronic autoimmune sub-epithelial blistering diseases that predominantly affect mucous membranes, with varying combinations of oral, ocular, cutaneous, genital, nasopharyngeal, oesophageal and laryngeal lesions. The case is reported of a man with multiple manifestations of mucous membrane pemphigoid. A 53-year-old male presented at our Department with a 4-year clinical history of diagnosed cicatricial pemphigoid. The patient was affected by ocular and urinary symptoms and presented with nasal obstruction and dysphonia. Nasal endoscopy revealed crusting and synechiae with pale and atrophic mucosa. Computed tomography examination showed hypodense-hyperdense material occupying all paranasal sinuses and nasal fossae. Laryngoscopy showed anterior para-commessural and inter-arytenoidal synechiae. The patient underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgery for incision of synechiae and removal of scars and inflammatory material from all sinuses. Nasal splints were then inserted. A wait-and-see policy was adopted for the laryngeal lesion. One year later, the splints were removed; the upper airways were still free and there were no signs of nasal obstruction. An endoscopic approach appears to be efficacious in the surgical treatment of nasal cicatricial pemphigoid, and long-term stenting may be necessary to avoid recurrence. Although surgery has not a curative role in long-term therapeutic strategies, it may, nonetheless, improve the quality of life and ensure good nasal respiration.


Cicatricial pemphigoid; Larynx; Nose; Synechia

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