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Sociol Spectr. 2009 Jul 1;29(4):443-466.

A Model of Racial Residential History and Its Association with Self-Rated Health and Mortality Among Black and White Adults in the United States.

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Department of Sociology, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.


We construct a dynamic racial residential history typology and examine its association with self-rated health and mortality among black and white adults. Data are from a national survey of U.S. adults, combined with census tract data from 1970-1990. Results show that racial disparities in health and mortality are explained by both neighborhood contextual and individual socioeconomic factors. Results suggest that living in an established black neighborhood or in an established interracial neighborhood may actually be protective of health, once neighborhood poverty is controlled. Examining the dynamic nature of neighborhoods contributes to an understanding of health disparities.

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