Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Epigenetics. 2010 Feb 16;5(2):124-8. Epub 2010 Feb 11.

Shaping the oligodendrocyte identity by epigenetic control.

Author information

Institute of Stem Cell & Developmental Biology and Pediatrics Department, West China Second Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.


Cell diversity in the central nervous system (CNS) is achieved by a highly regulated process of differentiation from multipotential neural stem cells. The spatial specificity and timing control of neural differentiation is achieved by the interplay between various genetic and epigenetic regulators. Oligodendrocytes, the myelinating cell in the CNS, play an important role in brain development and neuronal function. At present, multiple signaling pathways have been implicated in regulating in oligodendrocyte differentiation, however, the integration of these pathways with transcriptional and posttranscriptional regulatory networks are not fully understood. This review will focus on exploiting epigenetic mechanisms underlying oligodendrocyte development including chromatin remodeling by histone deacetylases and gene silencing by non-coding RNAs (e.g., microRNA), and attempts to summarize the recent advance as to the genetic and epigenetic interaction in controlling oligodendroglial differentiation and myelination.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center