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J Biol Chem. 2010 Apr 16;285(16):11922-30. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M109.041277. Epub 2010 Feb 16.

Sumoylation and the structural maintenance of chromosomes (Smc) 5/6 complex slow senescence through recombination intermediate resolution.

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1
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.

Abstract

Telomeres are repetitive nucleoprotein structures that cap the ends of chromosomes. Without telomerase, telomeres shorten with replication and eventually signal cell cycle arrest (cell senescence). Homologous recombination (HR)-based mechanisms slow senescence, and distinct HR mechanisms support the growth of the rare survivors of senescence. Here, we report novel roles for the post-translational modification of small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) in regulating the rate of senescence in Saccharomyces cerevisiae telomerase mutants. We identify Mms21 as the relevant SUMO E3 ligase and demonstrate that cells lacking Mms21-dependent sumoylation accumulate HR intermediates selectively at telomeres during senescence. One target of Mms21-dependent sumoylation is the cohesin- and condensin-related Smc5-Smc6 complex (Smc5/6). We show that hypomorphic smc5 or smc6 alleles exhibit phenotypes similar to mms21 sumoylation-deficient mutants with regard to senescence and the accumulation of unresolved HR intermediates. Further, we provide evidence that Mms21 and Smc5/6 prevent aberrant recombination between sister telomeres and also globally facilitate resolution of sister chromatid HR intermediates.

PMID:
20159973
PMCID:
PMC2852929
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M109.041277
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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