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Exp Cell Res. 1991 May;194(1):139-46.

A novel hemidesmosomal plaque component: tissue distribution and incorporation into assembling hemidesmosomes in an in vitro model.

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Department of Cell, Molecular and Structural Biology, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, Illinois 60611.


The hemidesmosome and its associated structures, such as anchoring fibrils, form a complex structure, the polypeptide composition of which has only recently begun to be elucidated. We describe the characterization of a monoclonal antibody, mAb6A5, directed against a 200-kDa polypeptide found in the cytoplasmic-most area of the hemidesmosomal plaque. This 200-kDa polypeptide is immunologically distinct from the 180- and 230-kDa hemidesmosomal plaque components recognized by bullous pemphigoid (BP) autoantibodies. mAb6A5 recognizes hemidesmosomes of stratified squamous epithelia in a number of species, including human tissue. mAb6A5 also recognizes pseudo-stratified epithelium, but not simple or transitional epithelia. During de novo hemidesmosome assembly in an in vitro model of epithelial wound healing, the 200-kDa polypeptide is in most instances deposited at the epithelial-stromal interface after plaque components recognized by BP autoantibodies, but before the collagen type VII component of anchoring fibrils. We discuss possible mechanisms of hemidesmosomal plaque assembly.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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