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Nihon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi. 2010 Jan;101(1):29-33.

[Two cases of infants with acute renal failure due to bilateral obstructive ureteral stones associated with rotavirus gastroenteritis].

[Article in Japanese]

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Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Yamanashi.


We report on 2 infants with acute renal failure caused by bilateral obstructive ureteral stones associated with rotavirus gastroenteritis. A 28-month boy and a 13-month boy with several days history of watery diarrhea and vomiting were referred to our hospital because of anuria. They were diagnosed acute post-renal failure due to obstructive bilateral ureteral stones based on the findings of ultrasound scan and computed tomography. Immediately, percutaneous nephrostomy tubes were inserted for urinary drainage, serum levels of creatinine and uric acid returned to normal within several days. Sandy stones were excreted through the nephrostomy tubes with urine after urinary alkalization, which were proved to be mainly ammonium acid urate. Ammonium acid urate is rare in developed countries, but some cases of bilateral urolithiasis causing acute renal failure in infants with rotavirus gastroenteritis were reported in recent years. It has been known that the cause of acute renal failure is renal azotemia resulting from sustained hypovolemia, but post-renal causes due to ammonium acid urate stones should be taken into consideration.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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