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Aging Ment Health. 2010 Jan;14(1):67-73. doi: 10.1080/13607860902845574.

The impact of past and present preferences on stimulus engagement in nursing home residents with dementia.

Author information

1
Research Institute on Aging, Charles E. Smith Life Communities, Rockville, MD 20852, USA. Cohen-mansfield@hebrew-home.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We examined engagement with stimuli in 193 nursing home residents with dementia. We hypothesized that activities and stimuli based on a person's past and current preferences would result in more engagement than other activities/stimuli.

METHOD:

The expanded version of the self-identity questionnaire [Cohen-Mansfield, J., Golander, H. & Arheim, G. (2000)] was used to determine participants' past/present interests (as reported by relatives) in the following areas: art, music, babies, pets, reading, television, and office work. We utilized the observational measurement of engagement (Cohen-Mansfield, J., Dakheel-Ali, M., & Marx, M.S. (2009).

RESULTS:

Analysis revealed that residents with current interests in music, art, and pets were more engaged by stimuli that reflect these interests than residents without these interests.

CONCLUSION:

Our findings demonstrate the utility of determining a person's preferences for stimuli in order to predict responsiveness. Lack of prediction for some stimuli may reflect differences between past preferences and activities that are feasible in the present.

PMID:
20155522
PMCID:
PMC3131104
DOI:
10.1080/13607860902845574
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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