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Can Fam Physician. 2010 Feb;56(2):e73-83.

Methods for a study of Anticipatory and Preventive multidisciplinary Team Care in a family practice.

Author information

1
University of Ottawa, Department of Family Medicine, Ottawa, ON K1N 5C8.

Abstract

BACKGROUND T o examine the methodology used to evaluate whether focusing the work of nurse practitioners and a pharmacist on frail and at-risk patients would improve the quality of care for such patients.

DESIGN:

Evaluation of methodology of a randomized controlled trial including analysis of quantitative and qualitative data over time and analysis of cost-effectiveness.

SETTING:

A single practice in a rural area near Ottawa, Ont.

PARTICIPANTS:

A total of 241 frail patients, aged 50 years and older, at risk of experiencing adverse health outcomes.

INTERVENTION:

At-risk patients were randomly assigned to receive Anticipatory and Preventive Team Care (from their family physicians, 1 of 3 nurse practitioners, and a pharmacist) or usual care.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

The principal outcome for the study was the quality of care for chronic disease management. Secondary outcomes included other quality of care measures and evaluation of the program process and its cost-effectiveness. This article examines the effectiveness of the methodology used. Quantitative data from surveys, administrative databases, and medical records were supplemented with qualitative information from interviews, focus groups, work logs, and study notes.

CONCLUSION:

Three factors limit our ability to fully demonstrate the potential effects of this team structure. For reasons outside our control, the intervention duration was shorter than intended; the practice's physical layout did not facilitate interactions between the care providers; and contamination of the intervention effect into the control arm cannot be excluded. The study used a randomized design, relied on a multifaceted approach to evaluating its effects, and used several sources of data. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER NCT00238836 (CONSORT).

PMID:
20154234
PMCID:
PMC2821256
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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