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Blood. 1991 Apr 15;77(8):1740-8.

Glycoprotein Ib (GPIb)-dependent and GPIb-independent pathways of thrombin-induced platelet activation.

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1
Department of Cardiovascular Research, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science, Japan.

Abstract

In this study, the question of whether glycoprotein Ib (GPIb) mediates both high and moderate affinity pathways of alpha-thrombin-induced platelet activation was examined. Flow cytometric studies, using a panel of monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs), showed that Serratia marcescens protease treatment removed greater than 97% of the glycocalicin portion of GPIb but did not affect the changes in the expression of GPIX or GMP-140 that were induced by high concentrations of alpha-thrombin (10 nmol/L). However, Serratia treatment almost completely abolished the increase in platelet surface GMP-140 induced by low concentrations of alpha-thrombin (0.5 nmol/L) and diminished the downregulation of platelet surface GPIX by 60.9% +/- 5.6% (mean +/- SEM, n = 3). When present in 20-fold molar excess, an MoAb directed against the alpha-thrombin/von Willebrand factor (vWf) binding domains of GPIb completely blocked the ristocetin-dependent binding of vWf to platelets but inhibited only to about 50% the binding of alpha-thrombin and the activation-dependent binding of vWf. In platelets treated with Serratia marcescens protease to remove GPIb, a concentration of this MoAb 16,000-fold in excess of the maximum possible remaining copies of GPIb failed to inhibit platelet activation by alpha-thrombin. These studies demonstrate that activation of intact platelets by alpha-thrombin proceeds by both GPIb-dependent and GPIb-independent mechanisms.

PMID:
2015400
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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