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Psychiatry Res. 2010 Mar 30;181(3):237-40. doi: 10.1016/j.pscychresns.2009.10.010. Epub 2010 Feb 11.

High energy phosphate abnormalities normalize after antipsychotic treatment in schizophrenia: a longitudinal 31P MRS study of basal ganglia.

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1
Department of Neuroimaging & Interventional Radiology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, India.

Abstract

We reported increased high-energy phosphate metabolism in the basal ganglia of antipsychotic-naïve schizophrenia patients using (31)P Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS). These patients were followed up for 1 year and and reassessed using (31)P MRS. Fourteen (8 males) patients with DSM-IV schizophrenia and 14 (11 males) healthy controls underwent (31)P MRS of sub-cortical structures (predominantly basal ganglia) twice (mean+/-S.D. interscan interval 1.15+/-0.17year) on a 1.5T scanner. Total scores on the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) decreased significantly after treatment in schizophrenia patients. Patients had significantly lower mean PCr/ATP ratios than healthy controls at baseline but not during the follow-up. In patients, there was a significant positive correlation between the magnitude of improvement in PANSS total scores and the extent of change in the PCr/ATP ratio. Findings support the hypothesis that reduction of energy demand or induction of decreased energy-demanding processes might underlie the mechanism of action of antipsychotics in schizophrenia.

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