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Compr Psychiatry. 2010 Mar-Apr;51(2):177-82. doi: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2009.05.001. Epub 2009 Jul 9.

Delusional versus nondelusional body dysmorphic disorder.

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1
St Vincent's Mental Health, Melbourne, Australia.

Abstract

This study assessed demographic and clinical features in 65 subjects with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) and compared the 39 (60%) with the delusional form (receiving an additional diagnosis of delusional disorder, somatic type) with those who did not meet delusionality criteria. Delusional and nondelusional patients did not statistically differ on most demographic and clinical variables. Delusional patients, however, had significantly more severe BDD symptoms at both baseline and follow-up assessments than those of nondelusional patients. Furthermore, poorer insight was significantly associated with more severe BDD symptoms at both baseline and follow-up. Overall improvement in BDD symptom severity was similar for the 2 groups. Our results support other studies in the view that BDD and its delusional variant have more similarities than differences and that the delusional variant may be simply a more severe form of BDD. Implications for the diagnostic classification of BDD and future research directions are discussed.

PMID:
20152299
DOI:
10.1016/j.comppsych.2009.05.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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