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Clin Biochem. 2010 May;43(7-8):661-5. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2010.01.012. Epub 2010 Feb 6.

Insulin resistance in early untreated rheumatoid arthritis patients.

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1
Internal Medicine Department, Mansoura University, Egypt.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To assess insulin resistance in early untreated rheumatoid arthritis patients and its relation to the clinical, inflammatory and biochemical characteristics of these patients.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Sixty-six untreated rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with disease duration less than 1 year along with age and sex matched controls were studied. Disease activity score (DAS28) was used to assess disease activity. Plasma levels of C- reactive protein (CRP), glucose, insulin and complete lipid profile were measured. Insulin resistance (IR) was estimated by the homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR).

RESULTS:

RA patients revealed high grade systemic inflammation compared to control group p<0.0001. Patients with high disease activity were more insulin resistant than patients with moderate disease activity P<0.0001.

CONCLUSION:

The findings of the present study showed that early untreated RA patients are characterized by a severe insulin resistant state that is driven primarily by disease activity and systemic inflammation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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