Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Exp Hypertens. 2010 Jan;32(1):8-12. doi: 10.3109/10641960902929479.

Seasonal blood pressure variation and its relationship to environmental temperature in healthy elderly Japanese studied by home measurements.

Author information

1
Department of Integrated Medicine, Kagawa University, Kagawa, Japan.

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to examine seasonal blood pressure variation and its relationship to environmental temperature in healthy elderly Japanese, as studied by home measurements. Fifteen healthy elderly Japanese (79.3 +/- 5.9 yrs) measured their blood pressure at home each morning for more than 25 times per month for 3 years. Monthly mean outdoor temperatures were obtained from the Takamatsu meteorological Observatory. The highest levels of systolic and diastolic blood pressure measured at home were observed in February (129 +/- 14 and 81 +/- 13 mmHg). The lowest levels of systolic and diastolic blood pressure measured at home were observed in August (117 +/- 11 and 73 +/- 10 mmHg). Likewise, the lowest and highest means of outdoor temperature were observed in February (5.0 degrees C) and August (29.2 degrees C), respectively. Hence, both systolic and diastolic blood pressure demonstrated a close inverse correlation with the means of outdoor temperature (r = -0.973, p < 0.001 and r = -0.985, p < 0.001, respectively). A 1 degree C decrease in the mean outdoor temperature was associated with rises of 0.43 mmHg in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and 0.29 mmHg in diastolic blood pressure (DBP). Seasonal variations in home blood pressure and outdoor temperature showed complete correspondence in healthy elderly Japanese, with the blood pressures being inversely related to the ambient temperature. These seasonal home blood pressure variations should be kept in mind when controlling blood pressure in elderly patients.

PMID:
20144067
DOI:
10.3109/10641960902929479
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis
Loading ...
Support Center