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Arch Ophthalmol. 2010 Feb;128(2):198-205. doi: 10.1001/archophthalmol.2009.391.

Relationship of blood pressure to retinal vessel diameter in type 1 diabetes mellitus.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 610 N Walnut St, 417 WARF, Madison, WI 53726-2336, USA. kleinr@epi.ophth.wisc.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the relationship of blood pressure (BP) and use of angiotensin-receptor blocker or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor to retinal vessel diameter in normotensive, normoalbuminuric persons with type 1 diabetes mellitus.

METHODS:

In a randomized, controlled clinical trial, clinic and 24-hour ambulatory BPs were measured in persons with type 1 diabetes mellitus and gradable fundus photographs both at baseline (n = 147) and at 5-year follow-up (n = 124). Retinal arteriole and venule diameters were measured by a computer-assisted technique. Individual arteriole and venule measurements were combined into summary indexes that reflect the average retinal arteriole (central retinal arteriole equivalent [CRAE]) and venule (central retinal venule equivalent [CRVE]) diameter of an eye, respectively.

RESULTS:

While controlling for age, study site, glycosylated hemoglobin level, and ambulatory pulse rate, the daytime ambulatory systolic (-0.29-microm effect per 1 mm Hg; P = .02), daytime ambulatory diastolic (-0.44-microm effect per 1 mm Hg; P = .04), nighttime ambulatory systolic (-0.27-microm effect per 1 mm Hg; P = .03), and 24-hour ambulatory systolic (-0.31-microm effect per 1 mm Hg; P = .03) BPs were cross-sectionally associated with a smaller CRAE. While controlling for age, study site, glycosylated hemoglobin level, ambulatory pulse rate, and baseline CRAE, no BP measure was associated with a change in CRAE or CRVE during 5 years of follow-up. Treatment with losartan potassium or enalapril maleate was not associated with a statistically significant change in CRAE or CRVE.

CONCLUSION:

Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin-receptor blocker therapy does not affect retinal arteriole or venule diameter in normotensive persons with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Trial Registration clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00143949.

PMID:
20142543
PMCID:
PMC2945902
DOI:
10.1001/archophthalmol.2009.391
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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