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Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2010;74(2):329-35. Epub 2010 Feb 7.

Pediococcus pentosaceus Sn26 inhibits IgE production and the occurrence of ovalbumin-induced allergic diarrhea in mice.

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Sciences of Functional Foods, Graduate School of Agriculture, Shinshu University, Kamiina, Nagano, Japan.


We investigated the anti-allergic effect of a new strain (Pediococcus pentosaceus Sn26, the Sn26 strain) among 59 strains isolated from Japanese fermented vegetable pickles, the Sunki pickle. The Sn26 strain increased Th1 type cytokine (IL-12 and IFN-gamma) production of Peyer's patch (PP) cells in BALB/c mice, improved the Th1/Th2 balance, and inhibited IgE production of splenocytes of ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic diarrheic mice. Next we demonstrated, by neutralizing IL-12 and IFN-gamma, that the Sn26 strain first induced IL-12, that IL-12 induced IFN-gamma, and that decreases in IL-4 and IgE production followed. Furthermore, oral administration of the Sn26 strain decreased serum OVA-specific IgE levels and ameliorated the appearance of diarrhea in OVA-induced allergic diarrheic mice. Based on these results, it was assumed that oral administration of the Sn26 strain ameliorated type-1 allergies through improvement of the Th1/Th2 balance and decreases in IgE production.

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