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J Foot Ankle Surg. 2010 Mar-Apr;49(2):159.e9-13. doi: 10.1053/j.jfas.2009.07.002. Epub 2010 Feb 4.

Gastrocnemius recession as an alternative to tendoAchillis lengthening for relief of forefoot pressure in a patient with peripheral neuropathy: a case report and description of a technical modification.

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  • 1University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.


The gastrocnemius recession is a popular surgical procedure for the treatment of equinus contracture. Lengthening the gastrocnemius tendon has been show to be an effective means of reducing pressure to the plantar forefoot by weakening the triceps surae complex. The more traditional method of weakening the triceps surae is a modification of Hoke's triple hemisection through the tendoAchillis. This technique unfortunately carries a serious risk of the development of a calcaneal gait. The purpose of this case report is to demonstrate that the gastrocnemius recession is an effective and safe alternative to the traditional tendoAchillis lengthening. The authors also describe a minimally invasive technique that uses a pediatric speculum for a self-retrained retractor and portal for instrumentation and visualization.

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