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Eur Urol. 2010 May;57(5):873-8. doi: 10.1016/j.eururo.2010.01.036. Epub 2010 Jan 26.

Retrospective evaluation of the outcome of open versus laparoscopic adrenalectomy for stage I and II adrenocortical cancer.

Author information

1
S.C.D.U. Urologia, University of Turin "San Luigi" Hospital, Turin, Italy. porpiglia@libero.it

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although there is consensus that laparoscopy is the standard of care for the resection of benign adrenal tumours, there is controversy regarding the role of laparoscopy for the resection of adrenocortical cancer (ACC).

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of the present study was to review the ACC database of the San Luigi Hospital to compare the oncologic effectiveness of open adrenalectomy (OA) versus laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) in the treatment of patients with stage I and II ACC.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS:

We performed a retrospective analysis involving 43 patients with stage I and II ACC who had undergone radical surgery.

INTERVENTION:

The patients were stratified into two groups according to the surgical procedure. The "open group" consisted of patients treated with OA; the "lap group" consisted of patients treated with LA.

MEASUREMENTS:

Oncologic effectiveness of the procedures was tested comparing the recurrence-free survival of patients treated with OA versus LA. Secondary outcome measures were differences in terms of type of recurrence and overall survival.

RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS:

The open group consisted of 25 patients and the lap group of 18 patients. The two groups were comparable in terms of demographic data. The median follow-up was 38 mo in the open group and 30 mo in the lap group. Recurrence rate was 64% in the open group and 50% in the lap group. The median recurrence-free survival was 18 mo in the open group and 23 in the lap group (p=0.8). No differences in terms of pattern of recurrences were recorded. During follow-up, 28% of the open group patients and 5% of the lap group patients died. No differences in terms of survival time were noted (p=0.3).

CONCLUSIONS:

The present findings provide interesting evidence that OA and LA may be comparable in terms of recurrence-free survival for patients with stage I and II ACC when the principles of surgical oncology are respected.

PMID:
20137850
DOI:
10.1016/j.eururo.2010.01.036
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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