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Br J Pharmacol. 2010 Mar;159(5):1126-32. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2009.00617.x. Epub 2010 Feb 5.

Poly(lactic acid-glycolic acid) nanoparticles markedly improve immunological protection provided by peptide P10 against murine paracoccidioidomycosis.

Author information

1
Biological Sciences Institute, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

The present study reports on the preparation and testing of a sustained delivery system for the immunomodulatory peptide P10 aimed at reducing the in vivo degradation of the peptide and the amount required to elicit a protective immune response against paracoccidioidomycosis.

EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH:

BALB/c mice were infected with the yeast Paracoccidioides brasiliensis to mimic the chronic form of paracoccidioidomycosis. The animals were treated daily with sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim alone or combined with peptide P10, either emulsified in Freund's adjuvant or entrapped in poly(lactic acid-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles at different concentrations (1 microg, 5 microg, 10 microg, 20 microg or 40 microg.50 microL(-1)). Therapeutic efficacy was assessed as fungal burden in tissues and the immune response by quantitative determination of cytokines.

KEY RESULTS:

Animals given combined chemotherapy and P10 nanotherapy presented a marked reduction of fungal load in the lungs, compared with the non-treated animals. After 30 days of treatment, P10 entrapped within PLGA (1 microg.50 microL(-1)) was more effective than 'free' P10 emulsified in Freund's adjuvant (20 microg.50 microL(-1)), as an adjuvant to chemotherapy. After treatment for 90 days, the higher doses of P10 entrapped within PLGA (5 or 10 microg.50 microL(-1)) were most effective. Treatment with P10 emulsified in Freund's adjuvant (20 microg.50 microL(-1)) or P10 entrapped within PLGA (1 microg.50 microL(-1)) were accompanied by high levels of interferon-gamma in lung.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

Combination of sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim with the P10 peptide entrapped within PLGA demonstrated increased therapeutic efficacy against paracoccidioidomycosis. P10 incorporation into PLGA nanoparticles dramatically reduced the peptide amount necessary to elicit a protective effect.

PMID:
20136827
PMCID:
PMC2839270
DOI:
10.1111/j.1476-5381.2009.00617.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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