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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Feb 16;107(7):2932-7. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0914874107. Epub 2010 Jan 26.

Discovery of a distinct domain in cyclin A sufficient for centrosomal localization independently of Cdk binding.

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Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045, USA.


Centrosomes have recently emerged as key regulators of the cell cycle. The G1/S transition requires a functional centrosome, and centrosomal localization of numerous proteins, including cyclin/Cdk complexes, is important for the G2/M transition. Here we identify a modular centrosomal localization signal (CLS) localizing cyclin A to centrosomes independently of Cdk binding. The cyclin A CLS is located in a distinct part of the molecule compared with the cyclin E CLS and includes the MRAIL hydrophobic patch involved in substrate recognition. The cyclin A CLS interacts with p27(KIP1), and expression of p27(KIP1) removes cyclin A but not cyclin E from centrosomes. Expression of the cyclin A CLS displaces both endogenous cyclin A and E from centrosomes and inhibits DNA replication, supporting an emerging concept that DNA replication is linked to centrosomal events. Structural analysis indicates that differences in surface charge and length of the C-terminal helix explain why the MRAIL region in cyclin E is not a functional CLS. These results indicate that the cyclin A CLS may contribute to targeting and recognition of centrosomal Cdk substrates and is required for specific effects of p27(KIP1) on cyclin A-Cdk2.

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