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J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care (Chic). 2010 Mar-Apr;9(2):113-5. doi: 10.1177/1545109709357472. Epub 2010 Feb 4.

Youth living with HIV and problem substance use: elevated distress is associated with nonadherence and sexual risk.

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1
Rhode Island Hospital, Brown University, Providence Rhode Island, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To examine health risk behaviors in distressed youth living with HIV (YLH) with problem substance use.

METHODS:

Assessed distress, antiretroviral (ARV) adherence, and unprotected sex in a racially and geographically diverse sample of 122 YLH.

RESULTS:

A total of 87% of distressed YLH reported significantly more past-month ARV nonadherence (odds ratio [OR] = 7.15) and were more likely to have unprotected sex under the influence (OR = 5.14) than nondistressed youth.

CONCLUSIONS:

Distressed YLH with problem substance use may benefit from interventions to improve adherence and to decrease sexual risk, especially while under the influence of drugs.

PMID:
20133498
PMCID:
PMC3052784
DOI:
10.1177/1545109709357472
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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