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Virol J. 2010 Feb 4;7:28. doi: 10.1186/1743-422X-7-28.

Neutralizing and non-neutralizing monoclonal antibodies against dengue virus E protein derived from a naturally infected patient.

Author information

1
Section of Pediatric Infectious Disease, Department of Pediatrics, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA. jschieff@tulane.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Antibodies produced in response to infection with any of the four serotypes of dengue virus generally provide homotypic immunity. However, prior infection or circulating maternal antibodies can also mediate a non-protective antibody response that can enhance the course of disease in a subsequent heterotypic infection. Naturally occurring human monoclonal antibodies can help us understand the protective and pathogenic roles of the humoral immune system in dengue virus infection.

RESULTS:

Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) transformation of B cells isolated from the peripheral blood of a human subject with previous dengue infection was performed. B cell cultures were screened by ELISA for antibodies to dengue (DENV) envelope (E) protein. ELISA positive cultures were cloned by limiting dilution. Three IgG1 human monoclonal antibodies (HMAbs) were purified and their binding specificity to E protein was verified by ELISA and biolayer interferometry. Neutralization and enhancement assays were conducted in epithelial and macrophage-like cell lines, respectively. All three HMAbs bound to E from at least two of the four DENV serotypes, one of the HMAbs was neutralizing, and all were able to enhance DENV infection.

CONCLUSIONS:

HMAbs against DENV can be successfully generated by EBV transformation of B cells from patients at least two years after naturally acquired DENV infections. These antibodies show different patterns of cross-reactivity, neutralizing, and enhancement activity.

PMID:
20132551
PMCID:
PMC2829534
DOI:
10.1186/1743-422X-7-28
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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