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Cell Reprogram. 2010 Feb;12(1):85-94. doi: 10.1089/cell.2009.0047.

Pre- and postimplantation development of swine-cloned embryos derived from fibroblasts and bone marrow cells after inhibition of histone deacetylases.

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Department of Animal Science, McGill University, Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, Qu├ębec, Canada.


The present study assessed changes in epigenetic markers and pre- and postimplantation development in somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) porcine embryos after treatment with the inhibitor of histone deacetylases (HDACi), Trichostatin A (TSA). Embryos were generated using in vitro matured oocytes and nuclei from either a male fetal fibroblast (FF) cell line or bone marrow cells (BMC) from three adult sows. After nuclear transfer, oocytes were either exposed or not to 10 ng/mL TSA for 10 h starting 1 h after cell fusion. Samples of one-cell stage and cleaved (two- to four-cell stage) embryos were fixed at 15 to 18 h or 46 to 48 h after cell fusion and immunocytochemically processed to detect histone H3 acetylation at lysine 14 (H3K14ac) or histone H3 dimethylation at lysine 9 (H3K9m2) using specific primary antibodies. TSA treatment increased the immunofluorescent signal for H3K14ac in cleaved embryos derived from both FF and BMC but did not affect H3K9m2. Development to the blastocyst stage was increased by TSA treatment (45.2 vs. 23.9%) in embryos produced from FF cells but not in those produced from BMC (30.6 vs. 27.4%). Cloned piglets were produced from both treatments when day 5 to 6 blastocyst-stage embryos derived from FF cells were transferred into the uterus of recipient females. Cloned piglets were also produced after the transfer of TSA-treated blastocysts derived from BMC of adult sows but not from control embryos. These findings suggest that the inhibition of histone deacetylases have similar effects on enhancing H3K14ac in SCNT embryos reconstructed from different cell types but the effect on in vitro and in vivo development seems to differ according to the nuclear donor cell type.

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