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Rev Econ Stat. 2009 Oct 1;91(1):137.

Subsidized Contraception, Fertility, and Sexual Behavior.

Author information

1
Department of Economics, Wellesley College, and NBER.

Abstract

We examine the impact of recent state-level Medicaid policy changes that expanded eligibility for family planning services to higher-income women and to Medicaid clients whose benefits would expire otherwise. We show that the income-based policy change reduced overall births to non-teens by about 2% and to teens by over 4%; estimates suggest a decline of 9% among newly eligible women. The reduction in fertility appears to have been accomplished via greater use of contraception. Our calculations indicate that allowing higher-income women to receive federally funded family planning cost on the order of $6,800 for each averted birth.

PMID:
20130787
PMCID:
PMC2815331

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