Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Bioorg Med Chem. 2010 Feb 15;18(4):1441-8. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2010.01.019. Epub 2010 Jan 15.

Mitochondrial biotransformation of omega-(phenoxy)alkanoic acids, 3-(phenoxy)acrylic acids, and omega-(1-methyl-1H-imidazol-2-ylthio)alkanoic acids: a prodrug strategy for targeting cytoprotective antioxidants to mitochondria.

Author information

1
Mitochondrial Research and Innovation Group, Department of Anesthesiology, Rochester, NY 14642, USA.

Abstract

Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and the attendant mitochondrial dysfunction are implicated in a range of disease states. The objective of the present studies was to test the hypothesis that the mitochondrial beta-oxidation pathway could be exploited to deliver and biotransform the prodrugs omega-(phenoxy)alkanoic acids, 3-(phenoxy)acrylic acids, and omega-(1-methyl-1H-imidazol-2-ylthio)alkanoic acids to the corresponding phenolic antioxidants or methimazole. 3- and 5-(Phenoxy)alkanoic acids and methyl-substituted analogs were biotransformed to phenols; rates of biotransformation decreased markedly with methyl-group substitution on the phenoxy moiety. 2,6-Dimethylphenol formation from the analogs 3-([2,6-dimethylphenoxy]methylthio)propanoic acid and 3-(2,6-dimethylphenoxy)acrylic acid was greater than that observed with omega-(2,6-dimethylphenoxy)alkanoic acids. 3- and 5-(1-Methyl-1H-imidazol-2-ylthio)alkanoic acids were rapidly biotransformed to the antioxidant methimazole and conferred significant cytoprotection against hypoxia-reoxygenation injury in isolated cardiomyocytes. Both 3-(2,6-dimethylphenoxy)propanoic acid and 3-(2,6-dimethylphenoxy)acrylic acid also afforded cytoprotection against hypoxia-reoxygenation injury in isolated cardiomyocytes. These results demonstrate that mitochondrial beta-oxidation is a potentially useful delivery system for targeting antioxidants to mitochondria.

PMID:
20129794
PMCID:
PMC3000792
DOI:
10.1016/j.bmc.2010.01.019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center