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Brain Res. 1991 Jan 11;538(2):313-8.

Putative GABAergic input to axons of spinal interneurons and primary sensory neurons in the lamprey spinal cord as shown by intracellular Lucifer yellow and GABA immunohistochemistry.

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Nobelinstitute for Neurophysiology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.


GABAergic phasic modulation of the membrane potential occurs in spinal interneurons during fictive locomotion in lamprey presumably indicating a presynaptic inhibition. GABA also modulates synaptic transmission from primary sensory neurons (dorsal cells) at a presynaptic site. From these findings GABA terminals would be expected to be in close contact with phasically modulated axons of spinal interneurons and/or dorsal cells and their axons. To test this supposition intracellular injections of Lucifer yellow into spinal interneurons or dorsal cells were combined with GABA immunohistochemistry. GABA-immunoreactive (ir) varicosities were found to be in close contact (less than 1 micron distance) with axons modulated during fictive locomotion as well as dorsal cell axons. Small GABA-ir bipolar neurons form processes, which are in close contact with the axons of dorsal cells.

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