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JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2010 Jan;3(1):105-13. doi: 10.1016/j.jcin.2009.10.014.

Pre-procedural imaging of aortic root orientation and dimensions: comparison between X-ray angiographic planar imaging and 3-dimensional multidetector row computed tomography.

Author information

1
Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We sought to examine whether contrast-enhanced multidetector row computed tomography (MDCT) allows prediction of X-ray angiographic planes for the root angiogram in the context of transcatheter aortic valve implantation.

BACKGROUND:

Understanding of aortic root orientation relative to the body axis is critical for precise positioning of the stent/valve during transcatheter aortic valve implantation.

METHODS:

Forty patients with severe aortic stenosis underwent conventional X-ray angiography and contrast-enhanced MDCT of the aortic root. Oblique MDCT images of the aortic root, corresponding to X-ray angiographic left anterior oblique (LA)/right anterior oblique (RAO) projections, were created. The cranial/caudal angulation was compared between angiographic and reformatted MDCT images. In addition, root diameter measurements were compared.

RESULTS:

The cranial angulation in the LAO X-ray angiograms (mean LAO: 39+/- 8, n = 38) and matched MDCT images were not significantly different (cranial: 25 +/- 7 vs. 23 +/- 8; p = 0.214). There was a small but significant difference between the caudal angulation in the RAO angiogram (mean RAO: 25 +/- 5, n = 40) and matched CT images (caudal: 21 +/- 9 vs. 29 +/- 10; p = 0.002). The annulus diameter in the LAO projection was not significantly different between X-ray angiography and contrast-enhanced MDCT (2.3 +/- 0.3 vs. 2.4 +/- 0.3; p = 0.052), whereas there was a small but significant difference in the annulus diameter in RAO projections between angiography and MDCT (2.4 +/- 0.3 vs. 2.2 +/- 0.3; p = 0.029).

CONCLUSIONS:

Pre-procedural contrast-enhanced MDCT imaging of the aortic root allows prediction of X-ray angiographic planes and contributes to planning of the transcatheter aortic valve implantation.

PMID:
20129578
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcin.2009.10.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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