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Crit Rev Biochem Mol Biol. 2010 Apr;45(2):97-105. doi: 10.3109/10409231003598812.

The effect of membrane domains on the G protein-phospholipase Cbeta signaling pathway.

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Department of Biological Sciences, Queensborough Community College, Bayside, NY 11364-1497, USA.


The plasma membrane serves as a barrier to limit the exit and entry of components into and out of the cell, offering protection from the external environment. Communication between the cell and the external environment is mediated by multiple signaling pathways. While the plasma membrane was historically viewed as a lipid bilayer with freely diffusing proteins, the last decade has shown that the lipids and proteins in the plasma membrane are organized in a non-random manner, and that this organization can direct and modify various signaling pathways in the cell. In this review, we qualitatively discuss the ways that membrane domains can affect cell signaling. We then focus on how membrane domains can affect a specific signaling pathway--the G protein-phospholipase Cbeta pathway and show how membrane domains can play an active role in directing or redirecting G protein signals.

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