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Anaesthesist. 2010 Feb;59(2):149-61. doi: 10.1007/s00101-009-1656-3.

[Indirect laryngoscopy : Alternatives to securing the airway].

[Article in German]

Author information

  • 1Klinik für Anästhesiologie, Universitätsmedizin der Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Deutschland.


Endotracheal intubation remains the gold standard for securing the airway in emergency medicine. However, difficult endotracheal intubation and complications are common during emergency intubation. In contrast to conventional direct laryngoscopy, the new generation of devices does not require direct visualization of the vocal cords for endotracheal tube placement. These devices allow a better glottic view and successful endotracheal placement of the tube, especially if direct laryngoscopy is difficult. Recent studies showed that utilization of these devices can be easily learned. The technique of indirect laryngoscopy is currently used for securing the airway in daily anesthesia routine as well as for managing the difficult airway in the operating room. This article gives an overview of available devices for indirect endotracheal intubation as well as the current literature.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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