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Indian Pacing Electrophysiol J. 2010 Feb 1;10(2):86-95.

Congenital short QT syndrome.

Author information

1
Section of Cardiology, Department of Lung, Blood and Heart, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy. l.crotti@smatteo.pv.it

Abstract

The Short QT Syndrome is a recently described new genetic disorder, characterized by abnormally short QT interval, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and life threatening ventricular arrhythmias. This autosomal dominant syndrome can afflict infants, children, or young adults; often a remarkable family background of cardiac sudden death is elucidated. At electrophysiological study, short atrial and ventricular refractory periods are found, with atrial fibrillation and polymorphic ventricular tachycardia easily induced by programmed electrical stimulation. Gain of function mutations in three genes encoding K(+) channels have been identified, explaining the abbreviated repolarization seen in this condition: KCNH2 for I(kr) (SQT1), KCNQ1 for I(ks) (SQT2) and KCNJ2 for I(k1) (SQT3). The currently suggested therapeutic strategy is an ICD implantation, although many concerns exist for asymptomatic patients, especially in pediatric age. Pharmacological treatment is still under evaluation; quinidine has shown to prolong QT and reduce the inducibility of ventricular arrhythmias, but awaits additional confirmatory clinical data.

KEYWORDS:

ICD; Short QT Syndrome; channelopathies; sudden cardiac death

PMID:
20126594
PMCID:
PMC2811207

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