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Mol Cell Biol. 2010 Apr;30(7):1800-13. doi: 10.1128/MCB.01357-09. Epub 2010 Feb 1.

Bax inhibitor 1 increases cell adhesion through actin polymerization: involvement of calcium and actin binding.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology and Cardiovascular Research Institute, Chonbuk National University, and Research Center for Pulmonary Disorder, Chonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, South Korea.

Abstract

Bax inhibitor 1 (BI-1), a transmembrane protein with Ca2+ channel-like activity, has antiapoptotic and anticancer activities. Cells overexpressing BI-1 demonstrated increased cell adhesion. Using a proteomics tool, we found that BI-1 interacted with gamma-actin via leucines 221 and 225 and could control actin polymerization and cell adhesion. Among BI-1-/- cells and cells transfected with BI-1 small interfering RNA (siRNA), levels of actin polymerization and cell adhesion were lower than those among BI-1+/+ cells and cells transfected with nonspecific siRNA. BI-1 acts as a leaky Ca2+ channel, but mutations of the actin binding sites (L221A, L225A, and L221A/L225A) did not change intra-endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+, although deleting the C-terminal motif (EKDKKKEKK) did. However, store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) is activated in cells expressing BI-1 but not in cells expressing actin binding site mutants, even those with the intact C-terminal motif. Consistently, actin polymerization and cell adhesion were inhibited among all the mutant cells. Compared to BI-1+/+ cells, BI-1-/- cells inhibited SOCE, actin polymerization, and cell adhesion. Endogenous BI-1 knockdown cells showed a similar pattern. The C-terminal peptide of BI-1 (LMMLILAMNRKDKKKEKK) polymerized actin even after the deletion of four or six charged C-terminal residues. This indicates that the actin binding site containing L221 to D231 of BI-1 is responsible for actin interaction and that the C-terminal motif has only a supporting role. The intact C-terminal peptide also bundled actin and increased cell adhesion. The results of experiments with whole recombinant BI-1 reconstituted in membranes also coincide well with the results obtained with peptides. In summary, BI-1 increased actin polymerization and cell adhesion through Ca2+ regulation and actin interaction.

PMID:
20123969
PMCID:
PMC2838071
DOI:
10.1128/MCB.01357-09
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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